Meet Schwab’s Employee #1

April 21, 2021
Commemorating 50 years of Chuck Schwab’s entrepreneurial spirit and commitment to the individual investor.

Chuck Schwab, founder and chairman, Charles Schwab & Co., shown here in 1971 at his desk at First Commander.

Chuck Schwab, founder and chairman, Charles Schwab & Co., shown here in 1971 at his desk at First Commander

Fifty years ago this month, Chuck Schwab and a handful of partners launched the predecessor to Charles Schwab & Co., Inc. First Commander Corporation began as a small investment company offering traditional brokerage services and an investment newsletter that reached 3,000 subscribers at its height.

It was a tough time for such a business though. The economy was struggling and so too was First Commander. Chuck’s partners wanted out. So, in 1973, having bought out his partners and carrying a six-figure debt, Chuck forged his own path forward and changed the company’s name to Charles Schwab & Co., Inc. It was a company that would go on to transform investing.


I knew instinctively that individual investors needed a better deal, that they were getting a raw deal from Wall Street. I certainly knew in my mind that we had a great business opportunity ahead of us.

- Chuck Schwab, founder and chairman, Charles Schwab & Co.

What Chuck didn’t yet know was that his company would help lead a revolution, changing the way people would invest following the deregulation of brokerage commissions on May 1, 1975, a day known in the industry as May Day.

After learning that Merrill Lynch raised their rates following May Day, Chuck recalls “I was very happy that day because I would've thought that Merrill would've dropped their rates substantially and we would've had no business. But we dropped our rates 50 percent, 60 percent, something like that, and it just created a huge opportunity for us to take our little business and grow it like crazy.”

At its start, Chuck’s little company was doing 50 trades a day. “Fifty,” he laughs. “All by hand with a pen and a pad.” Today, Charles Schwab & Co., Inc., is one of the largest wealth management firms in the United States with 8.4 million daily average trades, more than $7 trillion in assets, and 31.9 million brokerage accounts—all managed by a workforce of 32,000 employees,* proudly referred to as ‘Schwabbies.’

Still, Chuck explains, it’s not about being the biggest.


It’s about being the strongest. An unbelievable fortress of a company with the highest level of integrity. That’s what you want to deal with. That’s what we want to offer. That’s who we are.

- Chuck Schwab, founder and chairman, Charles Schwab & Co.